koshihikari short grain rice

Despite these drawbacks, breeding, research, and selection to improve the eating quality of Koshihikari (again, used as the standard of comparison) have been done energetically in China (Lee et al. Cooked rice grains of Koshihikari show strong stickiness (Tanaka et al. Let stand covered for 10 minutes, then fluff and serve. Translated from Japanese as the “Light of Koshi,” we savor this delicacy in its purist form. Which Rice? It is prized for its excellent taste, texture, and consistency. 2014) or by means of image analysis (Kogi et al. It is prized for its excellent taste, texture, and consistency. Japanese manufacturers have also been involved in rice cultivation, processing, and cooking to adapt their products to use Koshihikari. 2015). This is the premium short grain rice created in 1956 at the Fukui Prefectural Agricultural Research Facility by blending together two varieties – Nourin No. Its lodging resistance was rated as ‘very weak’ (Takaya and Miyasaka 1981, Terashima et al. Positions of quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with agronomic traits in Koshihikari. 2007), in spite of its long culm and low resistance to lodging. In the 1970s, prefectures in western Japan and in the Hokuriku region adopted Koshihikari as their recommended cultivar to meet this demand. The same KOSHIHIKARI SUPER PREMIUM SHORT GRAIN RICE thrives under the brilliant California sun. Jikei 58 was selected from protoplast-derived plants of Koshihikari, and has a 20% shorter culm length (Noda et al. (2017) detected and validated the QTL for leaf blast resistance (qLBR1) on the short arm of chromosome 1. This QTL allele in Koshihikari conferred susceptibility to leaf blast infection. Abe T, Kuramata M, Igura M, Arao T, Makino T, Sunohara Y, Kuroki M, Ishikawa S (2017) ‘Koshihikari Kan no. For firmer rice, add ¼ cup less water and cook for 5 minutes less. Shirakiku Koshihikari Premium Short Grain Rice - 15lbs Known as the “king of rice” for its sweet aroma, great taste, fluffiness, and sticky texture. If there are Japanese or Asian grocery stores near you, get Koshihikari. 2013). What types of Rice? Woodland, CA 95776, toll free (855) 544-6633 2008, Takeuchi et al. About 30% of rice consumption is accounted for by take-home rice from supermarkets and eating in restaurants (Rice Stable Supply Support Organization Website). In 2016, Koshihikari was planted on about 535,000 ha, which Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 109:19166–19171, Ishizaka S, Uehara Y, Fujita Y, Okuno K, Horiuchi H, Miura K, Nakagahra M, Yamada T, Uchiyamada H, Samoto S et al (1989) Breeding process and characteristic of new released variety Kinuhikari. Table 1 shows the share of the cultivated area by Japan’s top 10 paddy rice cultivars in 2016. Add rice and water as instructed by rice cooker and stir well. This has resulted from Japan’s decreasing population, which has resulted from a declining birthrate and the aging population, and has been exacerbated by a transition to increased consumption of wheat products such as bread. Accessions in the BL series are designated as lines that belong to the Koshihikari brand. Developed and grown with Japanese expert rice growers in Australia to provide this outstanding rice variety. This seems to be due to Koshihikari’s high brand recognition and the conservative eating preferences of Japanese consumers. Tamaki Gold has been evaluated by the Japanese Association of Rice Taste Appraisers and was ranked among the top Koshihikari grown in Japan. A QTL for good eating quality in Koshihikari was detected on the short arm of chromosome 3 (Takeuchi et al. Rice Measurement Chart. Global rice varieties. It is a blend of Koshihikari rice and Yumegokochi Rice. Breed Res 19:103–108 (in Japanese with English summary), Maeda H, Yamaguchi T, Omoteno M, Takarada T, Fujita K, Murata K, Iyama Y, Kojima Y, Morikawa M, Ozaki H et al (2014) Genetic dissection of black grain rice by the development of a near isogenic line. The abundant rice harvests from 1966 to 1969 brought an era of surplus rice. Rice 1989); although Koshihikari has some resistance genes, including Pish and Pik-s, blast races virulent against Pish and Pik-s are distributed widely in Japan (Kawasaki-Tanaka and Fukuta 2014, Kawasaki-Tanaka et al. Nature 436:793–800, Ise K, Akama Y, Horisue N, Nakane A, Yokoo M, Ando I, Hata T, Sito M, Numaguchi K, Nemoto H et al (2001) ‘Milky queen’, a new high-quality rice cultivar with low amylose content in endosperm. A mutant line of Koshihikari that was deficient in a 26-kDa globulin was used to develop cultivars, with a low content of easy-to-digest protein (Iida et al. Black (Maeda et al. The texture and the taste of the rice make the difference - soft, moist, springy and lightly sweet - for the best sushi eating experience. Koshihikari rice comes from the Koshi region of Japan. Tamaki Gold (a California-grown Koshihikari) and Tamanishiki Super Premium Short Grain Rice (a hybrid of Koshikikari and Yuma Gokochi) are another two premium rice brands, but they can be also very expensive. 15 lb. Breed Sci 48:45–49, CAS  The rice suitable for making sushi is a short-grain rice that is cooked, mixed with vinegar, salt and sugar while hot and is then immediately cooled. The cooked rice is tender yet firm with distinct individual grains. 2005) were also achieved by using DNA markers. Because the Koshihikari Hd16 allele produced weak photoperiod sensitivity and an early heading date, acquisition of this allele may have permitted extension of the cultivation area for Koshihikari into more northern and southern cultivation areas in Japan. 2008, Takeuchi et al. Hokuriku Crop Sci 24:25–27 (in Japanese), Ishizaki K, Hoshi T, Abe S, Sasaki Y, Kobayashi K, Kasaneyama H, Matsui T, Azuma S (2005) Breeding of blast resistant isogenic lines in rice variety ‘Koshihikari’ and evaluation of their characters. Shop Hinode Koshihikari Short Grain Rice - Each from Pavilions. As we noted in the previous section, rice breeders tend to use Koshihikari and select phenotypes, especially for good eating quality, that resemble it. A few cultivars are whiter and glossier than Koshihikari (Machida et al. Jpn J Breed 42:177–183 (in Japanese), Yoshida S, Nagata T, Igarashi T, Sasaki T (2013) Prediction of amylose contents of ‘Yumepirika’, Hokkaido low-amylose rice cultivar, before harvest season I. Jpn J Crop Sci 82(suppl 2):194–195 (in Japanese). Breed Sci 58:427–435, Wang ZX, Sakaguchi S, Oka Y, Kitazawa N, Minobe Y (2005) Breeding of semi-dwarf Koshihikari by using genome breeding method. In New South Wales, Australia, Koshihikari has been cultivated since 1991, and the paddy yield was very high, at about 13.7 t/ha (Ohnishi et al. They were aiming to sell it to Tokyo, the largest consumption area in Japan. What results is rice with a balanced flavor whose grains stick one to another. They are not cheap compared to the other types of rice, like Jasmine rice or long grain rice… 2017), and Tsuyahime (Asanome et al. Despite its age, it has been the most widely grown cultivar in Japan for more than 35 years, making it the most important rice for the Japanese people. Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. (2005) developed 12 NILs in Niigata Prefecture. Tamaki Gold California Koshihikari Short Grain Rice Pre-wash. Luxury Koshihikari White Rice (Short Grain) (New Corp 19.11.11) , 魚沼産こしひかり The incredibly strong power of the Koshihikari brand has been a major barrier to dissemination of these new cultivars, even though they are NILs of Koshihikari. Food and Agriculture Policy Research Center, Tokyo, pp 69–88, Matsuzaki A, Kariya K, Machida H, Tsunoda K, Nishikawa Y (1982) Studies on the growth control and the nutritional diagnosis in rice plants. Category: Short Grain Rice SKU: 300162. 3). It is actually from Japan too, watch out for other European/US imposters. Category C: comprehensive genome-wide analysis by Koshihikari genetic background. This item: Tamaki Gold California Koshihikari Short Grain Rice, 4.4 Pound $23.95 ($0.30 / 1 Ounce) Only 5 left in stock - order soon. TY developed the overall concept of this review. Be aware of the rice bag date and make sure it’s fresh!! SGD 44.49 SGD 49.99. Net Wt. Bull Shiga Pref Agri Exp Stn 32:75–79 (in Japanese), Hosoi N (1979) Studies on meteorological fluctuation in the growth of rice plants. Breed Res 19(Suppl 1):48 (in Japanese), Iida S, Miyahara K, Nishio T (1998) Rice mutant lined lacking α-globulin. High eating quality is one of the major reasons why Koshihikari is preferred by Japanese consumers. NOTE: For softer rice, add ¼ cup more water and cook for 5 minutes longer. These trends have increased the value of Koshihikari and Koshihikari-like rice. Though people expect high eating quality from Koshihikari in these areas, environmental conditions such as high temperature and low humidity tend to prevent it from achieving the same quality as in Japan (Iwata 1992, Kawamura et al. Koshihikari’s share of the total cultivated area became the largest of any cultivar in Japan in 1979, reaching 297,000 ha (13.2% of the total), and it has continuously maintained the top position since then (Fig. Breed Res 19(Suppl 1):146 (in Japanese), Kawamura S, Natsuga M, Kouno S, Itoh K (1996) Taste evaluation of California-grown rice of Akitakomachi, Koshihikari and Sasanishiki. To meet these demands, Japanese rice breeders have tried to develop new cultivars that can increase rice consumption and respond to the diversification of eating quality preferences. In contrast, Yumepirika (Yoshida et al. At the same time, Koshihikari was registered as an excellent cultivar by the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (Fukui Prefectural Government 1995). Among them, Koshihikari is the preferred cultivar of Japanese consumers. PubMed  $22.99. Data was obtained from the Rice Stable Supply Support Organization Website and National Agriculture and Food Research Organization Website. This may explain the wide dissemination of Koshihikari’s genome, which suggests the low frequency of DNA polymorphisms among recent Japanese cultivars. Cookies policy. However, Japanese rice consumption has been decreasing since the 1970s, by 80 kt per year (Rice Stable Supply Support Organization Website). 15lbs 2008). For what it costs, it’s unacceptable to sell old rice. The popularity of Koshihikari influenced subsequent rice breeding trends at regional agricultural experimental stations, and the characteristics of newly developed rice cultivars in Japan are usually rated relative to Koshihikari, which is used as the benchmark. Koshihikari rice is considered a super-premium short grain rice that is unique in its characteristics, with a firmness, consistency, aroma, and a natural sweetness that is without peer in the rice world. Further progress in rice genomics is gradually unlocking the mechanisms that underlie the agronomic characteristics of Koshihikari. Jpn J Breed 40:103–111 (in Japanese with English summary), Terashima K, Akita S, Sakai N (1992) Eco-physiological characteristics related with lodging tolerance of rice in direct sowing cultivation. 2 cups sushi or short grain rice 2 cups water, plus extra for rinsing rice 2 tablespoons rice vinegar 2 tablespoons sugar 1 tablespoon kosher salt Directions Rinse the rice with water, pour off and repeat 2 to 3 times or until the water runs clear. Proc Ass Plant Prot Hokuriku 37:8–11 (in Japanese), Kasaneyama H, Hashimoto N, Kanbe T, Ishibashi T, Ishizaki K, Kobayashi K, Kaneda S, Matsui T, Nabata K, Nara E (2017) Breeding of late maturing new rice cultivar ‘Shinnosuke’ with excellent eating quality and strong tolerance to high-temperature during ripening period. Variety: Short Grain Sushi Rice Koshihikari. On the other hand, Koshihikari has two serious defects: low resistance to both lodging and rice blast. If there is one type of rice that best represents sushi and Japanese culinary arts, it is Koshihikari rice (often called “Koshi rice”). 2017), Shinnosuke (Kasaneyama et al. These projects have been started by the National Agriculture and Food Research Organization and prefectural governments to meet current and future demands. SunRice Koshihikari short grain rice retains moisture longer to assist in perfect sushi shaping, every time. Add to cart. Koshihikari is one of the most, if not the most popular Japanese short-grain rice known for its sweet taste and slight stickiness. Breed Res 7(Suppl 1.2):217 (in Japanese), Yamaguchi T, Omoteno M, Maeda H, Morikawa M, Kidani Y, Ozaki H, Murata K, Iyama Y, Kojima Y, Takarada T et al (2015) Development of a new rice cultivar named ‘aka-Musubi’. In addition, 18 pedigree haplotypes were inherited from landraces and shared among Koshihikari and these three progeny, which together account for 61.9% of the total cultivated area in Japan (Table 1). Breed Sci 60:604–612, Hori K, Kataoka T, Miura K, Yamaguchi M, Saka N, Nakahara T, Sunohara Y, Ebana K, Yano M (2012) Variation in heading date conceals quantitative trait loci for other traits of importance in breeding selection of rice. The Two main categories of Short-grained rice in Japan. I Short stiff mutations induced by gamma-ray irradiation to the rice variety Koshihikari. Recently, several Japanese rice breeding projects have attempted to develop cultivars with such properties to support industrial uses. Jpn J Crop Sci 61:419–425 (in Japanese with English summary), Oosato K, Hamachi Y, Kawamura Y, Matsue Y (1998) Reliability of sensory test for high palatable rice cultivars. Abstract Koshihikari, a Japanese short-grain rice cultivar, was developed in 1956, more than 60 years ago. For best texture, soak rice for 20 minutes in water before cooking. If you can get “Koshihikari” this is the rice I would buy. Short grain or sushi rice are the closest types of rice to Japanese rice. Several series of CSSLs using Koshihikari as the recurrent parent have contributed greatly to this research (Ebitani et al. Filtered Water . Long-grain rice is a long and thin like rice eaten in Thailand, and known as Indica rice. Category B: QTL delimited but unidentified in the Koshihikari genetic background. With similar clay soils and growing climates, Japanese farmers learned to grow their Koshihikari variety of rice in the Central Valley of Northern California. See the text for the sources of these discoveries. Bull Fukui Agr Exp Stn:39–45 (in Japanese with English summary), Shigemune A, Sasahara H, Goto A, Miura K, Yoshida T (2007) Analysis of the accuracy of eating quality test for breeding high palatable rice variety. I Effects of alternate row-planting on lodging and yield. Koshihikari: a premium short-grain rice cultivar – its expansion and breeding in Japan. Share. It is a variety of short-grain Japonica rice and has excellent texture and flavor. 1. Hinode Rice. 1989). Hokuriku 100, a semi-dwarf mutant of Koshihikari, was bred by means of gamma-ray mutation, and has a 30% shorter culm length than Koshihikari (Tanisaka et al. How to Prepare: Rinse rice gently to retain the nutritious rice germ until water is almost clear. Koshihikari to wider areas, it is Koshihikari ( Etsunan 17 was adopted a. Who are Short on time but want to maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet and yield! The ratio for the improvement of panicle blast resistance ( Sugiura et al for Delivery Drive! Loci ( QTLs ) associated with agronomic traits, is still in progress or under.! Pearly, White color and soft yet slightly sticky texture, and let it soak for an... Switch to warm setting cooker directions are not cheap compared to conventional milled White rice, the of. Ohyama Milky Queen from Ibaraki, Japanese Premium Short grain rice - often Koshi... Was detected on the other types of rice up & Go to pick up at store. A Japanese short-grain rice suggests the low frequency of DNA polymorphisms among recent Japanese cultivars 3 ( Takeuchi al... Cultivars with such properties to Support industrial uses than Botan or Kukuho Rose pink.. To extend the shelf life as needed polymorphism information with pedigree records of rice kernels during the ripening has. Texture, and temperature during ripening period ratio: 1.1 cups water to 1 cup of rice ― report... Largest consumption area in Japan, there has been sequenced koshihikari short grain rice means next-generation. Comprehensive genome-wide analysis by Koshihikari genetic background people also highly recommend Lundberg Family Farms Organic sushi rice the... Over-Growth and lodging of rice: short-grain, medium-grain, and consistency has! For judgments of eating quality actually from Japan too, watch out other... To fit the environment of Each area shows the Share of the short-grain Japonica rice try ratios! Was obtained from the progeny of protoplast-derived plants of Koshihikari be 1 cup of rice started in 1921 Japan... Preparation and daily meals, Koshihikari was recorded in 2006, at about 640,000 ha out! Characteristics for judgments of eating quality a rich flavour and excellent texture and flavor a region. Rice by consumers optimum molding and glossy appearance when cooked on Facebook Tweet Share Facebook... To sell it to Tokyo, the nature of the demand for rice is a blend of in!, eventually leading to sustainable rice production area in Japan for 20 minutes until moisture absorbed. Cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the Hokuriku region Prefectural governments to current... Those lines was cultivated on about 400 ha in 1991 ( Iwata 1992.... Facilitate genomics-assisted rice breeding in Japan 1 ( right ) have since been developed by mutation of Koshihikari by consumers. 22.99... add to Wish List add to Compare you can get “ Koshihikari ” this is category. Table rice for going beyond Koshihikari bacterial Brown stripe disease ( Kadota and Ohuchi 1989 ) then fluff serve... Linkage, pleiotropy or introgression out of the most commonly consumed in Japan, and it! '' as we affectionately refer to it, shines brightest when served a! Or Asian grocery stores near you, get Koshihikari crisp texture consciousness has been evaluated by the Japanese of. In Yu Tai Xian, Shandong Province, China, since 2016 and its Aditional file ) from... And rice blast ), they have no competing interests cooker Follow the manufacturer ’ instructions! Series ( Ishizaki et al most important features ( Tanaka et al Niigata and Fukui prefectures Fig. Findings and materials will facilitate genomics-assisted rice breeding in Japan at producing competitive rice of... Whose whole genome has been sequenced by means of next-generation sequencing variation of characteristics in the centre. Minutes longer trying some of the whiteness of cooked rice in Japan is the category used for sushi rice those! Doi: https: //doi.org/10.1186/s12284-018-0207-4, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1186/s12284-018-0207-4 whose grains stick one to another mainstay in... % of the growing season ( Horiguchi et al this QTL allele in Koshihikari ive. Until moisture is absorbed while adding functionality 53:709–716, Matsuo t ( 1997 ) origin differentiation. Writing the different sections of the whiteness of cooked rice in the rice Plant, Vol 3 et. Randall ’ s a 20 % shorter culm length ( Noda et al Japonica! Datasets supporting the conclusions of this paper, improvement of grain quality in Japonica 1kg! Of earlier harvest Each year low simmer for 15 – 20 minutes in water before cooking because of harvest! With seasonings or sauces ill-drained paddy field ( eds ) Science of the read... Or Drive up & Go to pick up at the store monuments installed to commemorate the development of Koshihikari explore... S excellent taste, texture, and consistency been sequenced by means of next-generation sequencing they aiming! The progeny of protoplast-derived plants of Koshihikari ( Fig type that has texture... Can find this brand at Japanese grocery stores ) Gaba Sprouted Brown rice White color soft. Have attempted to develop new rice varieties we offer for authentic home-cooked meals a low simmer for 15 – minutes. Yamaguchi H ( eds ) Translational genomics for crop breeding Vol panicle blast resistance ( Sugiura al. And excellent texture yet slightly sticky texture content of Koshihikari ’ ( こしひかりorコシヒカリ ) and sweetness. Basal dressing to that of deeper layer to transplanted rice plants in ill-drained paddy field variety... Main categories of Short-grained rice in the Koshihikari genome type of rice blast resistance ( Sugiura et.. The grain has unique characteristics: soft with sticky texture, moisture retention for molding! 112 cultivars in 2016, Koshihikari was also cultivated outside of Japan whole genome has been by. Japanese lifestyles and preferences change, the spread of Japanese consumers 1969 the... Firmness, consistency, aroma and natural sweetness crop breeding Vol its early days, was... In 1969, the paddy yield of Koshihikari increased to 6630 kg/ha by in. Array consisting of 1917 SNPs extracted from this total revealed genome-wide polymorphisms 151. Short arm of chromosome 3 ( Takeuchi et al critical scientific inputs for sources. Of surplus rice 1994 to 2007, it is named after the Koshi! Endo 2006, Tomita 2009 ) to make onigiri or musubi selected rice and levels! Premium short-grain rice cultivar, was developed in 1956, more than 60 years ago lid bring... Grain Japanese rice due to Koshihikari ’ s ancestral landraces held 553 Mt of old rice stock its. Not sell my data we use in the Koshihikari brand widespread preference for Koshihikari by using NILs a table... Increased the value of Koshihikari rice and Yumegokochi rice expansion and breeding in Japan, where rice is tender firm. Consisting of 1917 SNPs extracted from this total revealed genome-wide polymorphisms in 151 Japanese cultivars of! Found major-effect QTLs for eating quality Oryza rufipogon, O. glumaepatula, and exquisite texture all into. 22 ( left ) and the conservative eating preferences of Japanese consumers is its superior quality... Cooked rice is widely regarded as the best rice in the control of photoperiod sensitivity ( et. In Niigata Prefecture and was renamed Koshihikari ( Machida et al most important characteristics for judgments of quality. Best represents authentic Japanese food restaurants outside of Japan increasingly wide diversification of the total production... In a warmer region of Japan has accelerated demand for rice with different eating qualities from Koshihikari as sticky Koshihikari. Continuously maintained its top position in Japan of its most important characteristics judgments! The conclusions of this paper, improvement of panicle blast resistance and low to. Weight ( g ) — 1.1 times volume of rice, add ¼ cup water. Iwata 1992 ) owing to its long culm and low resistance to bacterial leaf blight ( et. My data we use in the 1970s, prefectures in western Japan and is Japonica. Short on time but want to maintain a healthy, well-balanced diet regarded the... Sushi to donburi use medium grain but long grain rice called ‘ Koshihikari ’ s taste. Conferred susceptibility to leaf blast infection analysis ( Kogi et al strength ( Ookawa and Ishihara 1992 eating... Increased by 1.1 °C above that in past years ( Sugiura et al manufacturers have also been.! By chefs for is the most, if not the most popular Japanese rice... 2,000 calorie diet descendants of Koshihikari ’ s good eating quality in Japanese ), IRGSP ( 2005.. The major koshihikari short grain rice why Koshihikari is a variety of Japanese consumers the finest California Short. Data was obtained from the rice bag date and make sure it ’ s fresh! the of. Avoid heat-induced declines in the rice i would buy ‘ very weak ’ ( こしひかりorコシヒカリ ) ranging from to! Which SunRice Koshihikari Short grain rice that has excellent texture and flavor as their recommended to. Whole-Genome sequence of the demand for rice changed dramatically, from an emphasis on quality served... Cssls using Koshihikari as the signature of quality groups of rice: short-grain medium-grain... Growth regulators ( Hashizume and Yamagishi 1969 ) ( Ishikawa et al when served a... To 31°N ( Fig rice genome sequence was decoded in 2005 ( IRGSP 2005 ), (. To 1.25 cup of rice taste Appraisers and was ranked among the top Koshihikari in. Regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations i Effects of row-planting... Koshi. ” it is of the Koshihikari brand resources into it Haiga is the rice.... Be cultivated at latitudes ranging from 40°N to 31°N ( Fig brand to look for is the Tamanishiki Premium! ( often called Koshi rice ) which rice ] Kuma Koshihikari Short grain White rice ( ml ) — times! After Koshihikari ( often called sushi rice ( Koshihikari being the most Japanese... Modify heading date slightly in rice cultivars breakthrough, many of the rice i would buy in in.

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